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Investigating the effects of financial repression on economic growth of MENA countries

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Saeed Amirhoseini

In today’s societies, economic growth and sustainable development is an important objective that countries’ leaders are looking for it. Some countries have achieved that goal, but other countries failed to achieve this goal despite access to abundant resources due to lack of management have. Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries are among these countries. Examining 10 countries of the MENA region including Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Djibouti, Libya, Yemen, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Tunisia in period (2000-2012), this study provides effective strategy to achieve sustainable growth and development using Panel data model. One of the mismanagement factors causing these countries to experience economic crises is the phenomenon of financial repression. During studies conducted by scientists and researchers on financial repression, it was found that the most important cause of it is command control of interest rate and its important effect is creation of inflation. The main objective of this research was to prove the negative effect of financial repression on economic growth in MENA countries. It was concluded that governments’ intervention in the financial markets has reduced economic growth by using financial repression index in these countries.

The Effects of Using Technological Facilities on Students’ Motivation to Learn

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Nazanin Esmayili

The present study investigated the effects of technological facilities on students’ motivation. For this purpose, interview was done with 25 students and the results were gathered and scripted down. The results showed that technological facilities have positive effects on students’ motivation. In addition, the results have some implications for teachers in order to use some technological facilities in class rooms, for schools to provide some facilities to promote learning and for textbook writers to publish their books with CDs and other facilities.

The Effect of Bilingualism on English Language Learners’ Learning

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Sanaz Najafian

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of bilingualism on English language learners’ learning that English is their foreign language and Turkish as their second language. In doing so, interview and observation were implemented. The result of this study showed that bilingualism has some positive effects on English language learners’ learning and it causes bilinguals to learn and understand some features of English language better and faster than monolinguals. For instance: pronunciation, vocabularies, phonetics, etc. This study definitely has some implications for both teachers and students.