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Investigating place attachment in residential areas

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Jamal-e-Din Mahdi Nejad* and Fatemeh Matin Shahabi

We all have experienced emotional bonds with some places that could have been positive or negative, pleasant or unpleasant; a place that is in relation to our present, past or even future experiences, a place where we desire to live in, where we would like to go or get back. In fact, we confirm not only the existence of such emotional bonds with places but also their significance in the quality of our lives. Environmental psychologists have studied this bond between individuals and place as "place attachment", and they desire to enhance the sense of belonging, security, identity and environmental perception in individuals, in addition to the sense of satisfaction with their residence. The research method was analytical-descriptive, and data was collected through documents, records and field observation. The findings of this research show that the factors affecting place attachment in residential areas in both physical and social dimensions (ordered according to their significance and priority of impact) are physical desirability and climate comfort, facilities and amenities, readability and orientation in the environment, aesthetics values and environmental attractiveness, privacy, personalization and space attachment, place recognition and perception, place's sociability and space activity. Therefore, achieving design criteria to enhance the mentioned factors and deploying them for improving the quality of architectural environments will lead to place attachment in residential areas.